Probiotics promote health
Probiotics are a live microbial product that, when used as a sufficient dose, promotes health.
Probiotics are beneficial bacteria of healthy intestine that have been shown to promote intestinal well-being, including by controlling inflammation. The majority of the effects of probiotics conveyed through the colon, but some strains of bacteria may settle in the mouth or stomach.
Probiotics compete with the mucous membranes of the intestine and harmful bacteria by increasing the acidity of the gut, reducing the yield of disadvantaged enzymes and compounds, and binding to harmful compounds. Several probiotics enhance the generation of antibodies and stimulate or inhibit the production of various neurotransmitters.
Many of the probiotics are lactic acid bacteria, but lactic acid bacterium is probiotics only when its efficacy has been scientifically proven.
Food probiotics are usually either bifidobacteria or lactic acid bacteria. Probiotics and acid-bacteria have some of the same health effects, such as the activation of the immune system, but according to the official definition, probiotics must be alive when they are consumed and also have a positive effect on health. In this case, the actual probiotics are usually added to the finished product and are not usually used for acidification of the product.
Lactic acid bacteria are obtained from fermented foods, such as yoghurt and sauerkraut.
Probiotics can also be obtained as a dietary supplement, but probiotics work best if they are eaten with food.
Prebiotics are probiotic sidekicks.
Prebiotics increase the number of useful microbes in the intestine, that is to say, to the pleasant conditions for probiotics. Prebiotics are usually slow absorbing or unabsorbed carbohydrates that are used by the intestinal microbial.
Prebiotics are naturally found in, for example, parsley, artichokes, onions and soybeans. Prebiotics are being studied a lot since they are expected to have a health-promoting effect.
Routine use of lactic acid bacteria has been studied for the benefit of small children in the prevention of rotavirus and ear infections.
For healthy adult probiotic products do not have significant benefits, but adults can benefit from probiotics, for example, during antibiotic treatment or in the treatment ofdiarrhea. In addition, probiotics can enhance resistance, among other things, when infectious diseases change defense responses. Probiotics are not a medicine that affects everyone in the same way.
Everyone's individual intestinal microflora is partly formed at birth and continues to evolve throughout life. According to the latest studies, microbes migrate from mother to child already during pregnancy. A significant number of microbes also migrate during breastfeeding from the mother's skin to the baby.
Breast milk contains plenty of lactic acid bacteria and bifidobacteria that modify the child's microbial existence. The bacterium affects resilience and modifies the risk of illness even in adults.
The strongest research data from probiotics is mainly about the prevention of allergies to young children.
The best is documented the efficiency of Lactobacillus GG. It is recommended that pregnant women with a family history of atopy or allergy should use probiotics during pregnancy and lactation as they protect the child from atopic rashes.
The latest long-term follow-up study suggests that early intake of certain probiotics will also benefit from the prevention of respiratory infections, including the prevention of renova viruses, which are related to the child's asthma. If the mother eats probiotics and nurses her baby for at least a couple of months, the baby will also receive protection against infections and, among other things, diarrheal diseases.
Recent studies have shown strong evidence that probiotics influence metabolism and can help significantly in weight management.
Some intestinal microflora seems to be related to weight gain. The keywords here are the inflammatory state and its treatment with probiotics.
Probiotics may also prevent or alleviate inflammatory changes caused by fatty foods through mast cells in addition to allergic inflammation.
All effects of probiotics are not yet known.
For example, the efficacy of probiotics in the prevention and treatment of intestinal cancers has been tried in preliminary animal experiments. In animal testing probiotics have been found to slow or inhibit the development of cancer. The role of probiotics in the prevention of stress and depression is also studied. There are indications that probiotics can relieve the symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome.
Probiotics can also compete against caries and gingivitis-causing microbes and thus prevent children's tooth decay.