Can the diet affect osteoarthritis?
The motion lubricates the joints, but osteoarthritis can only come to anyone. Still, exercise should not be stopped, on the contrary.
How can an active person have osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis may come to anyone, though it is strongly related to age. Often before 40 years of age, osteoarthritis is extremely rare, but the older you live, the more likely it is to get osteoarthritis.
Overweight, congenital and unilateral and hard load exposes to this disease. Knee injuries may also lead to osteoarthritis over the years.
Osteoarthritis is primarily a cartilage disease. The toughness of the cartilage is weakened, the cartilage gets thinner and little by little, it disappears. In addition to the joints, osteoarthritis leads to changes in all structures of the joint.
What kind of exercise maintains the joints?
The movement takes care of the joint function and the articular cartilage nutrition and maintains the muscular condition of the joints. Immobility can even accelerate joint degeneration.
Running has sometimes been considered as an exercise that would overdo too many healthy joints. But, for example, marathonists do not have more osteoarthritis on the basis of research. If the joints are already rusty, running can worsen the situation.
Although some of the types of sports such as football can be associated with a higher risk of accidents, I would not exclude any kind of sport. There is a risk of absolute bans that people do not move sufficiently.
Does the exercise help to prevent osteoarthritis in the hands?
Overweight is also a risk factor for osteoarthritis in the hands. It does not seem to it mechanically, but through metabolism. If exercise prevents overweight, it also basically affects into the small joints of hands.
As such, physical activity can not prevent the osteoarthritis in the hands because osteoarthritis is strongly inherited.
Can the diet affect the condition of the joints?
Diet has no direct effect on the condition of the joints. In diet, attention should be paid to energy consumption properly measured against consumption and to try to prevent or treat overweight.
Do you get help from nutritional supplements?
There are several health-related products and nutritional supplements in the market, but there is no scientific evidence of their benefits to joints. The abundance of nutritional supplements marketed to treat osteoarthritis can be explained by the prevalence of osteoarthritis, ie the wide range of target groups.
How is osteoarthritis diagnosed?
Osteoarthritis is symptomatic of pain, joint stiffness and motion limitations. The joint can get locked you may hear occasional pops, snaps, and crackles. Advanced osteoarthritis can be seen with naked eyes, as the joints may be swollen and in an incorrect position. The doctor makes a diagnosis based on symptoms, joint research and X-rays - although an early stage of osteoarthritis does not appear yet in X-rays. MRI is often more reliably.
Is the disease’s progress inevitable?
The damage to the cartilage is very slow, and the hardening of the joints does not mean the disability of the rest of life. Mild osteoarthritis may be almost asymptomatic.
The damaged osteoarthritis does not return to its original state, but the disappearance of the symptoms is possible. Often, osteoarthritis is symptomatic at intervals.
Moderate exercises and muscle usage are the best treatment for osteoarthritis. When the muscles are in good shape, they support the joint, making the joint feel better. In knee joint, especially the good condition of the thigh muscles helps to control the symptoms.
How to deal with the mobility of the muscles?
Muscle training is a precision remedy for osteoarthritis, because the intracranial joint requires strong support around it. The patient also benefits from fitness training and mobility training. Mobility exercises will ensure that the joints are maintained as flexible as possible, thus contributing to the maintenance of functional capacity. Instructions and guidance for proper exercise can be obtained from a physiotherapist.
Are there any new treatments for pain?
At first pain is intermittent and associated with stress. Later pain spans are extended and can also be at rest.
Pain is treated with familiar drugs such as paracetamol and NSAIDs, and, if necessary, mild opioids as well as locally used lotions. The treating physician will individually select the medicines suitable for each patient.
Cold and convenient aids, such as splints and walking aids, also relieve pain. Sometimes a swollen, painful joint requires cortisone.
Will all osteoarthritis patients at some point get an artificial joint?
Mild osteoarthritis is not treated with artificial joints. Arthritic surgery is needed when exercise, physiotherapy and medications do not help and the patient's mobility is considerably limited - but this is not the case for everyone. At an artificial joint stage, cartilage has generally disappeared widely from the joints.
Artificial joint is usually placed on the knee and hip, sometimes on the shoulder, elbows and ankles.
The right time for surgery will be decided by an orthopedic assessment. Arthroplasty is performed for exercise-active, active-age patients only after careful consideration, as they have a higher chance of recurrence later.