A man and his prostate, what is the function of the prostate?
Prostate cancer is the second-most common cancer in U.S. men. The symptoms are similar in good and malignant prostate disorders. It is advisable to go to the doctor if there are any urinary problems.
Does the prostate problems affect men of all ages?
Prostate begins to grow and enlarge in almost all males after the age of 20. Growth rate is unique, and growth is not a problem for all men. As a consequence about 40 percent of men over the age of 60 have urinary problems.
Prostate cancer in elderly men: the average age of the affected person is 70 years.
Prostate infection is not dependent on age, it can occur whenever.
Self prostate exam - how do you self check for prostate cancer?
The prostate is located beneath the bladder. As the prostate grows, urethral stricture may occur. It is a narrowing of the urethra that may cause painful urination and the inability to empty the bladder.
Typical symptoms are so-called accumulation and emptying symptoms, and most have both. Accumulation symptoms include, for example, frequent urination, even at night.
Emptying is about when urination does not start easily and the event requires effort, the urine flow is weak and it is cut off. A man may have the feeling that the bladder does not completely drain. At worst, symptoms can lead to urinary retention.
Symptoms may also be due to the opening of the bladder neck. This is more commonly associated with the symptoms of young men.
How are symptoms of overgrowth treated?
Urine flow is mainly relieved by using reducing or relaxing prostate medicines. The best effect is obtained when these are used simultaneously. Selection of medicines is done individually and is evaluated by the size of the prostate, the difficulty of the symptoms, and the possible side effects of the medicines.
If the medicines do not help, or the symptoms are very severe, such as recurrent prostate infection, bleeding, urinary retention or bladder overload, surgical treatment is needed, most commonly being resection of the prostate.
Transurethral resection of the prostate is done by through the urethra. After the operation, the man usually stays in the hospital for two days, and for that time he uses urinary catheter.
Bladder neck opening disorder symptoms are primarily treated with a relaxing medication.
Sex problems with enlarged prostate?
For some men, medicines used to treat overgrown prostate cause erectile dysfunction, problems with ejaculation or sexual reluctance.
There is also a drug in the market that both facilitates urination and enhances erection. The composite drug is unfortunately quite expensive for the time being.
Medication for elderly men may cause dizziness.
How is prostate infection treated?
Prostatitis may be acute or chronic. Acute inflammation is sometimes a bacterial illness. Its symptoms are high fever, frequent urination and urinary pain. The disease is treated with antibiotics.
Chronic prostatitis is a disease caused by the body's own inflammatory reaction, which does not appear in laboratory tests. It causes symptoms from time to time and can be hidden for very long periods of time. It often comes to the man as a result of colds in the autumn or spring. Treatment is selected according to the most severe symptom. Pain can be treated by NSAIDs and relieving medications for urinary problems.
When will the prostate cancer be suspected?
When a man experiences urination problems, he should seek medical advice immediately.
The older the man gets, the more common causes of urinary problems may be prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is not at all symptomatic in the early stages, or symptoms are the same as in benign hypertrophy. Sometimes prostate cancer involves bone metastases. Then it will have symptoms such as lower back pain.
If a patient has symptoms or a doctor suspects a prostate cancer, for example, based on an abnormal prostate finding, the investigation starts with a blood test, a PSA study.
Would PSA screening be beneficial for every man?
PSA is a protein produced by prostate cells found in a healthy man's plasma. In cancer, its concentrations will increase. Benign hypertrophy of the prostate also raises the PSA value, and since hyperplasia is associated with age, the age and value of the reference values used for its interpretation increase.
PSA values are not recommended for routine and non-sympathetic men due to unnecessary additional research. PSA alone can not draw a direct conclusion to cancer.
If close relatives have prostate cancer, you should apply for PSA at the age of 50.
How is prostate cancer treated?
There are different types of cancer, and not all prostate cancer needs to be treated at all, but the situation will be monitored. If the cancer is very aggressive, it grows and spreads rapidly, of course it is being treated.
Treatment options include surgery and radiotherapy. Surgery is almost always done by arthroscopy surgery either by robot assisted or 3D technology. In arthroscopy surgery, bleeding is less and the patient recovers faster. Mostly, patients are sent home after the arthroscopy surgery the next day, which is why the traditional surgery is reasonably omitted.
Radiotherapy destroys cancer cells and prevents their division and growth. Spread cancer is treated by hormone therapy and chemotherapy. All cancer treatments affect sex life and in some men also urination.
Is prostate cancer lethal?
Prostate cancer prognosis has improved. More than 90 percent of those affected by the disease are alive after five years.
Most men with prostate cancer die for some other cause, usually cardiovascular disease. Therefore, a man should not be over-worried about the condition of his prostate, but to take care of his general health, for example by quitting smoking, controlling weight and moderating or completely abandoning alcohol.
Treatment initiated as early as possible will usually yield better results.
Can prostate problems be prevented?
Prostatic hyperplasia can’t be blocked.
Unhealthy food, smoking, and overweight expose to prostate cancer. Prostate cancer in the close relatives increases the risk of illness, but one can’t do anything to the genome.
Good to remember: September is prostate cancer awareness month