Advanced prostate cancer symptoms and treatment
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer of men, but the diagnosis involves very different cancers. The prostate cancer is screened with PSA test, but there is no definite assurance of its benefit.
What is the function of the prostate?
The main task of the prostate is to produce semen. The prostate gland is located between the bladder and the penis. For a young adult man it is about the size if a walnut. With age, prostate grows for most males for an unknown reason.
What kind of symptoms can prostate cancer have?
Prostate cancer may be either symptomatic or asymptomatic. If the cancer is small or local, it does not cause any symptoms. When prostate cancer progresses, the disease may cause local symptoms similar to those of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Advanced prostate cancer symptoms include urinary tract infections, weak urinary flow and sensation of poor bladder emptying.
How do you self check for prostate cancer?
If there is lumbar pain, you should go to the doctor. It is also good to look at the urinanation problems. Typical symptoms of prostatic hyperplasia include difficulty in starting urination, poor urine flow, and the fact that the bladder does not empty properly. If your relatives, such as your father or brother, have or have had prostate cancer, you should check your own prostate situation.
How is prostate cancer diagnosed?
In the diagnosis of urinary problems, the so-called PSA value, which is a cancer tracer used to diagnose and monitor prostate cancer, is studied. If the value is clearly elevated, it may refer to prostate cancer, but the elevated value does not always mean cancer. Studies also include prostate sensation through the anus. Recognizing the size of the prostate, firmness, and possible nodules. If your doctor suspects cancer, doctor can do a prostate ultrasound scan and take a prostate sample biopsy. The doctor is advised to find out whether there was cancer in the close relatives of the patient, and at what age the diagnosis was made and how the disease behaved.
How is prostate cancer treated?
Under the prostate cancer diagnosis there are various types of cancers. There is no problem with a large part of the prostate cancers, but there is no cure at the other end. Sometimes it may be difficult to determine proper care. The treatment of prostate cancer always takes into account the patient's own wishes.
If the pathologist finds evidence of cancer in the biopsy, the sample may also be used to determine the severity of the cancer. Treatment is also affected by the quality of cancer. If the cancer is local, small and kind, it is not necessary to do anything. Local prostate cancer is being treated by removing the prostate and its cancer by a surgery. Alternatively, prostate cancer may be given radiotherapy either externally or intra-tissue.
If the PSA value is very high and there are many cancer cells in the test cell, it may be possible that the cancer has spread. Bone isotopic imaging can be used to determine whether cancer has spread to the bones. Spread cancer also requires medication. If a patient has a widespread disease, no prostate removal or radiotherapy is useful. Prostate cancer can also be treated by blocking the androgen, the most important testosterone, formation in the testicle. The treatment initially has a fairly good effect, but it actually means castration and the effectiveness of the treatment is gradually slowing down.
What are the disadvantages of cancer treatments?
Radiation therapy can cause bladder or rectal irritation. Radiotherapy and surgery may result in erectile dysfunction. The younger the patient is, and if the cancer allows it, a patient can have a surgery that saves the erection nerves. Every second surgery and radiotherapy-treated patients after surgery is either having a problem with urinary incontinence or bowel dysfunction. For the most part, they will be repaired within a year.
Radiotherapy is not recommended for young patients, as it may increase the risk of other cancers. The goal of hormonal therapy is to weaken the effect of male sex hormone or testosterone on prostate cancer cells. It results in symptoms similar to menopausal symptoms and even bone fractures. As blood testosterone levels drop, both sexual desire and ability almost always disappear without exception. There is nothing to do to restore sexual desire, or libido.
What is the prognosis of the prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer prognosis is very good, it is one of the best healing cancers. In one study of a thousand men with local, kind cancer, none died within ten years of prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is often a chronic illness. Most of the men diagnosed with prostate cancer do not die cause of it but live with it.
What are the risk factors for prostate cancer?
The four most significant are age, genome, race, and western lifestyle. The older the man, the greater the risk of getting sick. Also a close relative's disease increases the risk. The Western way of life, which includes, among other things, a fat-containing diet, low exercise and overweight, is a risk for many other diseases than just prostate cancer.
Can prostate cancer be screened?
The most widely used screening method and also discussed is the determination of PSA concentration. There are several national and international screening studies around the world. Some experts believe that screening is good, some do not think it that way. The PSA value is not absolute truth in a prostate cancer.
It is possible that it leads to the finding of insignificant cancers and over-treatment. So far, there is insufficient evidence of the effectiveness of screening for its main goal, namely the reduction of cancer mortality. Asymptomatic men should not be screened, but for those over 50 years of age who suffer from urinary symptoms, exams on prostate cancer must be performed. Wild screening is ongoing. For example, in occupational health care for men over the age of 50, the PSA value is measured fairly routinely.
How many suffer from prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer of men (not counting skin cancer). Prostate cancer is typically the disease of old men. The average age is about 70 years. The average age of patients who have had prostate surgery is 61 years. The incidence of prostate cancer is growing strongly after 50 years of age.
Good to remember: September is prostate cancer awareness month