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Effects and causes of insomnia

Good-quality sleep is important to humans except for the mere sleep. Sleep can be divided into two basic types, REM sleep and NREM sleep. The duration and quality of these phases vary depending on the individual characteristics, the comfort and lifestyle.

REM-sleep (Rapid-Eye-Movements) is a step in which dreams are seen. REMs affect psychological drowsiness and long-term emotional wellbeing. It stimulates the brain and strengthens memory.

NREM sleep (non-Rapid-Eye-Movements), i.e., the core of my dreams, comprise the transitional phase between waking and dreaming, and a deep sleep in which the body's physical and psychological activity is very small. NREM is a stress-relieving, physically revitalizing and it also strengthens the immune system.

Insomnia affects life very comprehensively. In addition to physical and psychological effects, insomnia causes many social disadvantages. It has also been found that mere sleeping is not enough, but sleep must be of good quality. During a deep sleep, the brain is resting, resulting in a person feeling rested. Deep sleep helps the body's defense system stay in shape and thus affect physical and mental well-being.

Insomnia and work

Working with shift work or irregular working hours can reconcile work and life to create challenges for getting enough sleep and recovery. The individual susceptibility to sleep disorder with shift work is variable and with age the sleep distribution and quality change so that the temperature, hormone and vibration stage are premature.

The shifting arrangements can ensure that the recovery periods are of sufficient length and at the same time improve the quality of the work. In addition to shift planning, an employee can prevent and reduce disadvantages by suitable lifestyles and stress management tools.

Insomnia and traffic

Too short or poor quality sleep or too long continuous monitoring is the most common cause of fatigue in traffic. Some medicines used to treat insomnia may also affect your ability to drive. The physician who prescribes these medicines should inform the patient and decide if the patient should be temporarily suspended for driving.

Psychological effects

It goes without saying that bad nights drop anyone's mood. Longer insomnia causes irritability and mood fluctuations. At worst, it also exposes depression and intoxicants. Insomnia weakens concentration and memory and hampers new learning.

As a result of insomnia, even small adversity may seem insurmountable. The strong feelings of insomnia are very common: one study found that three of the four insomnia sufferers struggled to reduce their desire for life. Anyone who is suffering from insomnia should always consult a physician if the discomfort interferes with life and the self-medication does not work.

Physical effects

Insomnia also directly affects physical health. Drowsiness due to insomnia has been found to be exposed to diabetes, coronary heart disease, hypertension, overweight, and cardiovascular disease. In addition to increasing the risk of illness, insomnia increases the accident and accident risk significantly and thus contributes to many physical disadvantages. Insomnia has a negative effect on metabolism and healing. Also, low stress-induced sleeplessness exposes many physical ailments.

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Causes of insomnia

There are often many causes behind insomnia, which may be physical, mental or environmental. Insomnia is of two types, primary and secondary. From the background of primary insomnia there is no identifiable physical or psychological factor. Approximately 15% of insomnia is of primary type. Secondary insomnia is a symptom of physical or psychological illness.

The most common form of insomnia in up to 90% cases is a sleep disorder most often caused by stress and changes in the environment and life. Insomnia is not always the result of only negative feelings and changes. Positive changes in the environment can also cause insomnia. The causes of sleeplessness are seldom unambiguous, but their identification is important for the success of treatment. The trouble is easily forming a self-feeding thread that should be cut off in good time. Fear of insomnia may cause insomnia.

Lifestyle

Lifestyle affects sleep quality and can thus also cause insomnia. Irregular sleeping rhythm and excessive caffeine or alcohol intake confuse the internal clock of the body causing many insomnia. Minor physical activity is also a major factor behind insomnia. However, many insomniac lifestyles are what is almost impossible to avoid in today's society. Irregular working hours, tighter working conditions, and increasing number of stimuli are not always within the reach of individuals. Insomnia is, in many respects, a scourge of modern society.

Psychiatric disorders

The underlying cause of imsomnia may be a mental illness, the most common is depression. Anxiety can also cause insomnia. Although psychological illness often involves insomnia, insomnia is not always associated with mental illness. Various worries and troubles, strong emotional disturbances, and life crises often bring disturbances to sleep. Problems in family and in relationships, workplace complications, near illness or death and self-health concerns lead to many insomnia. In the midst of a difficult phase of life, it is very natural that the pernicious feelings experienced during the day will also accompany the night. It is also worthwhile to seek help for insomnia and psychological problems.

Physical illnesses

Insomnia can occur in many physical illnesses. It is rarely the disturbance of sleep caused by the illness itself, but the underlying cause of illness is a life-changing illness or symptoms of illness such as pain. For example, pain-causing musculoskeletal disorders, neurological disorders, cardiovascular diseases, pulmonary diseases, increased need for urination, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and hypothyroidism may cause insomnia. However, insomnia is not usually a sign of physical illness.

Sleep apnea and restless legs syndrome are common aches in the underlying insomnia. Many suffer from these unknowingly. Restless legs syndrome is quite common: about 5-10% suffers from it at some point in their life. However, both of these difficulties are very manageable with the right kind of care.

Use of traditional sleeping pills

Long-term use of traditional sleeping pills may cause insomnia. Constipation caused by long-term use violates the natural sleeping cycle of the body. Medicines lose their power over time, and tolerance increases. Excessive use may cause unrest and insomnia as withdrawal symptoms. Long-term use of sleeping pills should not stop abruptly, but must be done according to the doctor's instructions. The long-term use of traditional sleeping pills may cause morning swelling, worsening daytime tiredness and causing lack of concentration and memory disorders.

Use of other medicines

Sometimes the cause of insomnia may be medication used to treat other illnesses. For example, beta blockers, asthma drugs, antihistamines and serotonin reuptake inhibitors used to treat depression are such. Diuretics, in turn, increase the need for urination, which can lead to intermittent sleep. Also, thyroid hormones, ephedrine, and metoclopramide used for nausea and digestive disorders may have sleep disruptive effects. If drug treatment causes insomnia, you should discuss it with your doctor. Often, a change in dosage or taking a medication at a different time will ease the problems.

Aging

With age the human changes. It takes longer to fall asleep, the sleep becomes lighter, and after awakening of the night it becomes even more difficult to fall asleep. Sleep-wake can also change with age. With aging, many people get tired and wake up earlier. Also, the ability to sleep continuously continues to deteriorate. Sometimes it may be difficult to distinguish between the natural changes brought about by the age of actual insomnia. However, this is particularly important in the treatment of the problems of the sleep, as traditional sleeping pills for older people cause more adverse reactions than usual.

Alcohol

Alcohol is not suitable for sleeping pills, but on the contrary it causes insomnia. Alcohol may help to fall asleep, but it breaks the structure of sleep and weakens the quality of sleep. It reduces the natural REM sleep, which is a sleep stimulating and memory-boosting stage. It also reduces the natural deep sleep stages that are important to the recovery of the valve's strain. Alcohol consumption also adds to depression, often associated with insomnia.

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