Sleep apnea increases the risk of cardiac and cerebral infarction.
Sleep apnea takes away a night sleep and makes you tired - both the patient and often the partner. It is worth taking care of, because sleep apnea has a connection with diabetes and serious cardiovascular diseases.
What is sleep apnea?
Sleep apnea is a disorder with periodic breath breaks. Disruptions are called apnea. If breathing is repeatedly blocked for more than 10 seconds, blood oxygen levels begin to decrease. When the amount of oxygen is small enough, the brain reacts and the person starts to inhale again.
Respiratory breaks are usually caused by throat tightening when the muscles relax when a person falls asleep. The cause of the fissure may be structural, but usually due to the abundant fat layer.
In severe sleep apnea respiratory disturbances may be in more than thirty in one hour and the duration of breaks are at worst for more than one minute.
What's the disadvantage of sleeping too little?
An adult needs sleep for an average of 6-9 hours overnight. A healthy person usually falls asleep without difficulty when he goes to bed. For example, sleeping can be facilitated by cooling and blurring the sleeping room. A good rule is to start to calm down an hour before bedtime. For some, it means reading a book, for some meditation, and for someone doing evening activities.
If sleeping at night is constantly too low, it causes many types of fatigue-induced symptoms. Resulting sleep loss have a significant impact on blood sugar, concentration and attention. Sleeping also affects appetite, which easily leads to overeating and overweight. When tired, a person is often snappy and gets angry more easily than usual.
What are the symptoms of sleep apnea?
Common symptoms include fatigue, memory problems and sleepiness, morning headache and dizziness. Occasionally, the throat may feel sore and dry in the daytime, while in the night it may be accompanied by sweating and increased need for urination. On the other hand, some people have symptoms of sleep apnea and sometimes those symptoms are caused by something else, like for example depression.
The obvious symptom is strong, intermittent snoring. Often this makes a unique sound. It happens when the sleeper inhales air to the lungs. At the same time, he is a bit awakened, but does not necessarily actually awaken. Only few identify breathing breaks by themselves, but the disease is more noticeable by overall lack of motivation and fatigue. With one it can mean irritability, the other one, for example, lack of concentration.
Does snoring always mean sleep apnea?
Everyone is snoring sometimes, and snoring is more common than sleep apnea. Someone who snores at every night, don’t necessary have ever any symptoms or sleep apnea, however, on the other hand, sleep apnea patients are usually found in this group.
Snoring is due to the overload of airways in the throat area and loud airflow at a narrow point. Sleep apnea is only the case when the airway is completely blocked and breathing is obstructed.
The most significant difference between snoring and sleep apnea is that snoring is a feature that can be alleviated, but sleep apnea is a disease that is important to address due to the health risks involved.
I can’t sleep at night cause my husband snores loudly. I suspect that my husband has sleep apnea, but he understates the matter. What to do?
Snoring is a common discomfort that often interferes more the partner than the snorer. It should be remembered that the treatment of snoring and sleep apnea also improves the quality of life.
It is a good idea to take it in peace without pressure. Snoring or sleep apnea are not someones fault, but in the name of common good, sleep apnea needs to be treated. Good care rewards both sleepers - untreated sleep apnea also is a serious health risk.
How is sleep apnea diagnosed?
The diagnosis is based on an observation of snoring and respiratory disturbances, estimation of the nasal, oral and pharyngeal structures, and most of all the night-time oxygen measurement, i.e. unipolygraphy, which can now be done with light measuring equipment in a person’s own bed. During the night, the unit registers wake ups, breath breaks and oxygen saturation, which tells about the oxygen content.
How to treat the symptoms of sleep apnea?
It is almost always possible to reduce the symptoms of sleep apnea by their own actions. Over 70% of sleep apnea patients are overweight. For them weight loss is central to the treatment of sleep apnea. Also adding more exercise and quitting smoking also reduces the symptoms.
Nighttime snoring mouthpiece solution is one option, especially in mild sleep apnea. It is used to pull the lower lip forward and increase space between the tongue and the back wall of the throat, where the airway stops often.
Often as a treatment for sleep apnea, an overpressure mask is used, i.e. a CPAP mask that keeps the airways at a constant mild overpressure and keeps them open.
Today, surgery is rarely used as a treatment with sleep apnea.
What kind of diseases are associated with sleep apnea?
A sleep apnea patient has an increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension, coronary heart disease and arrhythmia. The risk of cardiovascular and cerebral infarction has also increased.
About 40% of sleep apnea patients suffer from diabetes. If the sleep apnea is not properly treated and the patient is a diabetic, the diabetic's treatment balance will deteriorate.
What is the connection between sleep apnea and atrial fibrillation?
Sleep apnea increases the risk of atrial fibrillation. Scientifically, it is known that sleep apnea and atrial fibrillation have a connection, but the mechanism that connects these diseases is not well known.
Can sleep apnea be healed?
Sleep apnea can be healed. It's a multifactorial disease, and healing depends on the pathogen.
Sleep apnea is a life-style disorder, as its main risk factor is overweight.
Even a child may suffer from sleep apnea, but the cause is large tonsils. Of course, adult sleep apnea may also be due to anatomic factors such as narrow throat, small lower jaw, large tongue, or stuffy nose.
By changing lifestyles, losing weight and changing sleeping positions, significant changes can be achieved.