Environmental tobacco smoke
There are about one billion smokers in the world. Passive smoking means exposure of third parties to tobacco smoke. This is also called exposure to secondhand smoke / environmental tobacco smoke.
The tobacco smoke contains more than 7,000 ingredients, more than 60 of which are carcinogenic and have many irritant or toxic chemicals, and have been found to be causing fetal damage.
Due to the various combustion conditions, the concentration of many harmful substances is higher in the side stream smoke than in the main stream smoke drawn into the lungs. In poorly ventilated areas, levels of harmful substances in the respiratory system may be very high. The tobacco smoke of the environment is mainly exposed to housing, cars and other areas where smoking is concerned.
Recently, it has also been found that cigarette smoke is found in eg. Surface materials, textiles and room dust for a long time after the cigarette has been burned. Residues of surface materials will later be released into the air, causing exposure to harmful substances. This exposure has been called a third-degree smoking or "third-hand smoke". The smoke emission consists of smaller chemicals and they affect the environment for longer.
Responsibility of adults
Children's non-smoking environment should be self-evident. For example, in the presence of a child in the car every now and again, every tenth parent smokes. This so-called passive smoking is a major risk to the health of a child. The smoke from burning tobacco is even more toxic than the smoke inhaled by the smoker.
Parental smoking increases the risk of a child becoming infected with recurrent inflammatory diseases, asthma and allergies. Tobacco smoke reduces the child's immune system and irritates the eyes, throat and respiratory tract.
Smoking in a pregnant mother causes developmental and growth disorders, increases the risk of developing a child, slows the child's learning and other development.
Parents' attitudes are important
Studies have shown that parental attitudes play a major role in smoking. Parental smoking and smoking bans are ways in which a family can prevent the smoking of children. The smoking ban in the home indoors reduced the smoking of children even in families where both parents smoke.